专题> 2015克利伯环球帆船赛> 赛事公告
青岛帆船网 2015-12-18 14:51:48 



    This is one of the biggest challenges of the natural world and an endurance test like no other. With no previous sailing experience necessary, all that is asked of participants is a good level of fitness, an age over 18 - and a thirst for adventure into the unknown.


    8 LEGS8 八个赛段

    16 RACES 十六个赛程

    0°C - 35°C 温度跨度0° - 35°摄氏度

    OVER 40,000 NAUTICAL MILES 超过四万海里

    “You will never conquer or master the ocean but you can endure it. If the naive thought of you beating Mother Nature enters your mind that will be your first mistake. She is an unforgiving mistress, always with one last trick up her sleeve for you when you least expect it.”


    SIR ROBIN KNOX-JOHNSTON罗宾.诺克斯.约翰斯顿爵士

    Scoring Guide 赛事计分向导

    The series is divided into 16 individual races and points are accumulated in a Formula 1-style scoring system.


    The winner of each stage is awarded twelve points, the second eleven points and so on down to one point for twelfth. The yacht with the highest cumulative points wins the Clipper Race Trophy.


    Teams can also gain bonus points at strategically placed Scoring Gates or by winning Ocean Sprints. Points can be lost by infringing the Racing Rules, Sailing Instructions or by damaging boat equipment or sails.


    With all boats identical and budgets equal, no one has a head start. It’s the ultimate long distance match race and the winners are those who keep their focus the longest.



    Its one of the biggest challenges of the natural world and the supreme endurance test; 40,000 miles on an ocean racing yacht, circumnavigating the globe.


    You will have sailed in all conditions from warm trade winds, through winter storms, tropical heat of the Doldrums, crossing the Equator twice and the International Date Line.


    You will have been becalmed, battled through 100-knot gales, struggled through squalls of stinging rain, snow flurries, sleet and fog. You will have experienced the emotions of untying your lines and saying goodbye to loved ones as you head to the drama of your first race start in front of the world’s media and tens of thousands of spectators.


    You will have learnt to live life on a permanent angle, cooked meals to keep up morale when the going got tough, seen wildlife that few are privileged to see, sailed under a canopy of stars that took your breath away and watched dawns and sunsets that revealed the planet at its most beautiful.


    You will have visited 13 different countries and been welcomed ashore with all the fervor deserving long distance sporting champions. You will have celebrated at Prizegivings, shaken hands with the great and good, made friendships that will last a lifetime and achieved things that you never thought possible.


    You will be fitter, healthier and more alive than you can imagine. You will have joined an elite club and, as you return to the point of departure and cross your outward track in the world’s longest yacht race, you’ll head home with a set of experiences that will live with you forever. You have just become a circumnavigator.


    LEG 1 TRADE WINDS TO BRAZIL 赛段1 信风助行巴西


    Ahead is the first major ocean crossing, the Atlantic, where you will spend three weeks at sea. Routing towards the Canaries, the weather becomes warmer as you seek the trade winds to take you towards the Equator. Warm sun, constant breeze and long days with the spinnaker flying; expect to break boat speeds of 30 knots.


    The first key tactical decision is whether to pass the Canaries to port, starboard or go through the middle of the islands. The surrounding mountains can create a wind shadow for several hundred miles — get it wrong and you will feel the frustration of snail pace sailing.


    The trade winds come as a great relief but up ahead another challenge awaits; the dreaded Doldrums with fickle wind holes and sudden squalls that will test your patience to the full. Taking time out to acknowledge King Neptune as you go from the Northern to the Southern Hemisphere, the breeze returns but there are counter currents to avoid before South America appears over the horizon.


    A famous Latin welcome is the best reward to celebrate your amazing achievement!



    Bid farewell to friends and family ahead of the first leg of the Clipper Race, as the twelve yachts line up for the start of the eleven-month challenge



    Join a very exclusive club by crossing from the Northern Hemisphere to Southern on a ocean racing yacht during the race across the Atlantic Ocean



    Tactics will be key, pick the right route and breeze through the fickle Doldrums. Choose incorrectly and be forced to suffer this dreaded windless area, sure to halt your team’s progress.




    Upon leaving South America the teams will be straight into the trade winds and long, rolling swells of the South Atlantic as you head south towards the infamous Southern Ocean, with spinnakers quickly becoming the sail of choice.


    Surfing down the front of swells brings boat speeds well above 20 knots, whoever is on the helm will be guaranteed to be wearing the biggest smile. But this is a marathon not a sprint and looking after kit is essential. One false turn and the spinnaker will be in tatters, requiring the on board repair team to begin up to 30 hours of laborious stitching. This leg can throw everything at you, from big South Atlantic storms to long surfing runs, which all add up to a unique mental and physical challenge.


    After the plunge south, your bow will turn eastward toward the distant shores of Africa, bringing even more exhilarating surfing conditions and some magnificent wildlife. Albatrosses swoop above your head, whales are a common sight and crews will marvel at the clarity of the night sky as they take in the Southern Cross for the first time.


    As you close in on the point where the Atlantic meets the Indian Ocean the race will be almost over, the wind can die off leaving a nail biting finish to a 3,500 nautical mile race. A traditional African welcome awaits, as you finally step ashore. From sampling the best wine, diving with great whites and safaris, there’s plenty to keep you busy, in between preparing your boat for the next leg.



    The South Atlantic swell will provide perfect conditions to see the Clipper 70 surf down the front, bringing speeds of well above 20 knots.


    WILDLIFE 野生动物

    During the dash across the South Atlantic Ocean you’ll be regularly joined by Albatrosses while whales are a common sight.



    Dive south early and hope to utilise the stronger winds or stay further north, keeping the more direct course to the finish line. Which will it be?




    After a parade of sail past the waving crowds, it’s out onto the waters of one of the world’s Great Capes - Good Hope - and getting ready to face what, for many sailors, will be their ultimate challenge. As the Cape of Good Hope falls astern, the racing yachts tack down towards the 40th parallel. This is where the Roaring Forties start and the Southern Ocean provides some of the most extreme and exhilarating sailing in the world.


    Here, crew safety and kit preservation are the watchwords. If the cloud is thick, night sailing takes place in inky blackness with just the compass and the instruments to help. It’ll be chilly, too, because although it will be a Southern Hemisphere spring, the wind might be coming straight up from the ice of Antarctica.


    Leaving the lonely and remote Kerguelen Islands to starboard, the combination of strong winds and large ocean swells that are bigger than buildings will keep crews on their toes. So, too, will the chance of vicious incoming low pressure systems that can bring with them intense, gale force storms. Expect 80 foot swells, boat speeds of well over 30 knots and wind speeds that can reach up to 70mph. A downwind run you’ll never forget.


    Your reward is the knowledge that you’ve raced on the most remote ocean on the planet where, beyond the Clipper Race fleet, your nearest companions are the astronauts on the International Space Station.


    Waiting at the end of the third leg, the beautiful, sun kissed beaches of Western Australia and a well-chilled drink will be a welcome respite.


    HOLD ON FOR A SLEIGH RIDE 抓紧了,雪橇行马上开始

    Get ready for 80-foot swells and wind speeds reaching 70mph, the Southern Ocean is one of the most extreme environments on the planet.


    A GREAT CAPE 伟大之角

    Pass the Cape of Good Hope, one of the three Great Capes in the world.



    Racing below forty degrees south will provide some white-knuckle sailing, the Roaring Forties is an area few experience on a racing yacht.





    Leg 4 will challenge you in every way. The constant changing conditions, from brutal to mild, mean that there is no relaxing, you will be pushed mentally and physically in one of the most inhospitable parts of the planet. Further south than on any other leg, this race around the south of Australia demands your best. From Western Australia, the bows of your racing yacht point south, out of the Indian Ocean and back to the challenge of the Roaring Forties.


    Cape Leeuwin marks the south western tip of Australia and is one of the three Great Capes that only a privileged few get to race past . Once again, the race route takes you below the 40th parallel for another sleigh ride east. On your port beam, far across the horizon, is the Great Australian Bight and the unforgiving shores of the Nullarbor Plain. At sea, you will route toward the southern tip of Tasmania and into the Tasman Sea for the first time.


    This is a region steeped in sailing history, being the battleground for the Sydney-Hobart Race, the Southern Hemisphere's equivalent to the Fastnet Race. Just because you are out of the Southern Ocean, it doesn’t mean that the conditions are any easier, the Tasman Straits await..


    As you route north for a challenging race to a port on the eastern Australian seaboard, the huge ocean swells, so popular with the Aussie surfers on the east coast, continue to challenge kit, sails and crew stamina. This leg will test you mentally, physically and emotionally.



    Marking the south-west tip of Australia, Cape Leeuwin, is one of the three Great Capes that only a limited few experience racing past.



    Ever changing conditions, from fierce to fickle winds, ensures there is no rest spite, you’ll be tested physically and mentally. You’ll need to be on top of your game each and every hour.



    If you think leaving the Southern Ocean was a reprieve, forget it. The Tasman Straits will take advantage of any underestimation this one is a gruelling encounter.




    This marathon race gives crew the most variety. Sailing so far south to north and across the Equator means that you’ll face the tropics with their associated heat and light winds, before approaching China, where you can expect sub-zero conditions, up to 60mph headwinds and maybe even snow.


    You will start in the heat of the Southern Hemisphere summer before heading up into the tropics and back across the Equator, a tricky routing challenge through the islands of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.


    The race can be broken down into three distinct sections. The first is the tough beat north into prevailing winds as you head up the Gold Coast, past the beauty of the Whitsunday Islands and the wildness of the Northern Territories. Section two involves crossing the Equator, with the challenges of the Doldrums and tropical temperatures, and sailing past the remote communities on Papua New Guinea and into the Pacific Ocean for real. As the race finally enters the South China Sea and takes advantage of the north east monsoon winds, the fleet will hoist spinnakers and charge towards a warm welcome in Asia.


    After a relaxing stay soaking up the culture it’s back on board for a race of extremes. It starts in tropical heat and light headwinds and then, as you track north, the weather turns colder, the winds come from directly ahead and the sea kicks up to deliver a real challenge.


    Thermals are added to the layers of clothing and snow might be even make an appearance as you route east of Taiwan into the East China Sea and head towards the Olympic sailing city of Qingdao.


    If you watched the Against the Tide series you will get an idea of the scale of greeting laid on for your heroic arrival and, wherever you go, autograph hunters will be keen to add your signature to their book. One of the coldest and toughest parts of the race, it ends with possibly the warmest welcome.



    From the sweltering temperatures of the Tropics to the biting freeze of a Northern Hemisphere winter. Leg 5 provides a true array of conditions.



    Pose for photographs after signing autographs; the welcome into the Olympic Sailing City of Qingdao; is truly unique.



    Make sure you and your crew pay your respects to King Neptune as you pass from the Southern Hemisphere back into the Northern.



    CHINA - WEST COAST USA 中国-美国西海岸

    As you depart China, expect to be treated like a superhero as the media and spectators snap away, video, cheer and applaud as you walk down to your racing yacht. The first few days when snow fell on a grey sea will be long forgotten as you work your boat to the maximum and reach the first waypoint at the southern tip of Japan. It might be a bit early to smile at the memory of the huge Pacific rollers that picked up your 70-foot yacht and allowed it to surf at 30 knots down into the trough ahead - save that for your first cold beer in California!


    After more than a month at sea, crossing the International Date Line and with nearly 6,000 nautical miles left in your wake, you will be preparing to make one of the most momentous landfalls of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race.


    If you are on watch, it could be your shout that alerts your team that the hills of California have been spotted. By then, the incredible start spectacle put on by the Chinese sailing city of Qingdao will be distant memory - but one that will live with you forever.


    Knowing that you are one of the few that will ever race a yacht across the planet’s greatest ocean makes the cold, wet and exhausting race completely worth while. You will have lived teamwork, not just talked about it. You will have stayed safe, raced fast and looked after yourself and your crew mates. The only thing better than living one of life’s greatest challenges, is sharing it with an amazing team.



    The Pacific Ocean covers 30 per cent of the globe, crossing it is a incredible feat. Spend close to a month at sea while being faced with waves the size of buildings.



    Ever wanted to get a day back? Cross the International Date Line and the impossible is made possible, live the same day twice!



    The Pacific Ocean conditions provide the perfect environment for the Clipper 70s to break the current 30.7 knots speed record.


    LEG 7 AMERICA COAST TO COAST 赛段7 畅游美国海岸线

    WEST COAST USA - PANAMA - NEW YORK 美国西海岸-巴拿马-纽约

    Leg 7 begins under the eyes of the American media as Race 10 heads back out into the vast Pacific Ocean. While California and the Baja slip by to port, the talk will be of tactics - inshore or offshore? The inshore current can give a decent ride but, with the land close by, fickle winds affected by night and day temperatures can provide an unpredictable breeze. Further offshore, the current can’t help you but more consistent winds can. A poor tactical decision could cost you the race, even at this early stage.


    Whatever the decision, the charge south will be a swift one, to begin with... To make life more difficult, the further south you go, the more fluky the breeze gets. Central America typically brings high temperatures and light winds. This is a real test of yacht racing skill.


    Patiently and constantly trimming your sails to find an extra quarter knot of boat speed could well make the difference between first and last. You won’t be able to switch off for a moment. Ocean racing is like a lengthy game of chess and often the final results only become clear on the last couple of days. With boats sometimes finishing within a few minutes of each other, it’s never over ‘til it’s over. Then from the finish line off Panama City, stand by for one of the engineering wonders of the world: the Panama Canal.


    You rise through the locks on the Pacific side up to Gatun freshwater lake, fed from the surrounding rain forests. Then it’s down the locks on the other side and the waters of the Atlantic welcome the race fleet again. It really does feel like coming home. Back in the Atlantic…


    The next race takes you north through the blue water sailing playground of the Caribbean. Stand by for tropical heat, trade winds and squalls. You can expect the challenges to come from every point of the compass all the way up to New York. As you draw closer, don’t be surprised if thunderstorms make a regular appearance over the horizon. But, as you sail past the Statue of Liberty and moor close to Ground Zero, you will probably be the only people in the city who have arrived from the west coast by sea. The city never sleeps, and you definitely won’t.


    You’ve got some serious celebrating to do after taking on such a tough mental and physical challenge.



    Transit the Panama Canal, one of the Modern Wonders of the World, travelling through the 100-year canal is an unforgettable experience.



    Sailing under the Golden Gate Bridge to start the race or passing the Statue of Liberty to mark the end the leg’s conclusion. Make sure you pack a camera!



    Famous for its charming beaches and luxury retreats, the Caribbean can be cruel mistress. Throwing up tropical heat, trade winds and an unexpected squall at every corner.


    LEG 8 HOMECOMING 赛段8 回家

    NEW YORK - DERRY-LONDONDERRY - EUROPE - UK 纽约-德里伦敦德里-欧洲-英国

    While this might be the homeward bound leg, there is plenty of racing still to be had. With more individual races, an Atlantic crossing and homecoming, this is one of the most sought after legs on the race. And, with over 40,000 nautical miles of racing already behind you — there are still valuable racing points to be won. Third place on the overall race has been decided on the last race of Leg 8 on the last two Clipper Race editions.


    The weather might be mixed but the competition is hot — with teams battling it out for the final race points. The first race takes you north and a check of the sea temperature will tell you when your racing yacht is getting a helping push from the Gulf Stream. A further check will tell you when it gives way to the cooler Labrador Current and the mixture in seawater often produces unpredictable fog banks. Your last ocean race across the Atlantic might seem like familiar ground, especially to the RTW crew, but don’t take this mighty ocean for granted. You need to stay focused, race hard and sail safe. The route will have waypoints to avoid any risk from ice and will take you close to the Flemish Cap, a fishing ground made famous in the book and film, The Perfect Storm.


    It’s a 3,000 nautical mile blast back towards Europe and one of the warmest welcomes of the whole race in Derry-Londonderry. A week long celebration to mark your achievements — you can expect concerts, festivals and an endless flow of Guinness.


    With your odyssey almost over, it’s a great place to gather your thoughts and put your achievements into perspective. But still the challenges come thick and fast. A short and intense race from Ireland back to the finish port, more important race points to collect and a hero's welcome. More people have climbed Everest than sailed around the world. RTW members of the Clipper Race crew are about to join that small and elite group. These final miles have all the pressure of extra time in the World Cup final. Although it’s not just the winners who receive a hero’s welcome...



    After eleven months at sea, podium positions can be won or lost during the final leg. Take your eye off the ball and your team’s lead on the overall leaderboard could evaporate.



    The return of the Clipper Race fleet brings with it a hero’s welcome for each and every crew member taking part. The crew return as legends.



    The race from New York to Derry-Londonderry seems the Clipper Race fleet complete the final ocean crossing of the race, the North Atlantic.


    Race FAQS 赛事常见问题

    What is the Clipper Race looking for in a crew member?克利伯帆船赛对船员有怎样的要求?

    There is no ideal person or typical crew member. We have had every age between 18 and 73 on the race and more than 40 nationalities ranging from complete novice through to Yachtmaster. What is crucial is your level of desire, determination and enthusiasm. You need to be a team player and someone who is tolerant, forgiving, understanding and supportive. If you have those soft skills we can turn you into an accomplished ocean racer.


    What is Stealth Mode? 什么是隐身模式?

    Stealth Mode is an interesting and exciting concept used on the Clipper Round The World Race.


    Stealth Mode is a tactical card, which each team can use to hide their position from the rest of the fleet for the period of 24 hours (or in some cases 48 hours). The Race Office team still track the team's position every hour but their position is not displayed on the Race Viewer or sent to the fleet for the designated time. Teams automatically leave Stealth Mode once they are under 250 nautical miles from the finish line. During longer races, teams will be awarded two Stealth Modes. These can be used separately or back-to-back (48 hour period during a North Pacific race).


    Stealth Mode does not have to be used by each team but can definitely give an advantage during a race, especially when the skipper and navigators on board think they have spotted something in the weather reports that they think other teams may not have seen.


    What is a Scoring Gate? 什么是得分门?

    A line between a latitude and longitude, which offers the first three teams which cross extra race points (Three for first, two for second and one for third).


    What is an Ocean Sprint? 什么是冲刺跑?

    A time trial between two marks, which offers the quickest yacht an extra two race points.


    Sailing/Decisions Incidents 航行/决策事件

    What is the Le Mans start procedure? 什么是勒芒式开赛?

    Due to local constraints and conditions it is not always possible to create a standard start line. In order to enable the Clipper Race fleet to begin racing in these circumstances, the ‘Le Mans Start’ was invented and has been successfully used in all previous races.


    The aim of all Skippers is to ensure that the Le Mans Start is as fair as practically possible. The procedure does not work if any of the skippers try to jump the gun or gain an unfair advantage during the start sequence. If the Duty Skipper suspects that an unfair advantage is being obtained by any boat they will halt the start process and re-start the sequence.


    The procedure uses the standard Clipper start countdown of 10 min, 4 min, 1 min, Start.


    1. Prior to the 10 minute signal all boats have their mainsails hoisted. Headsails hanked on, halyards and sheets attached, but NOT hoisted.


    2. All boats motor slowly (speed set by Duty Skipper), approx 2 to 3 boat lengths apart in a line abreast on a pre-arranged heading. This heading is usually towards the finish.


    3. Once the fleet is in a line abreast, the lead skipper signals the 10 minute gun via VHF on a pre-arranged channel. Engines shall be used to ensure that the boats are lined up accordingly (either reverse or forward).


    4. At the 4 minute signal, all crew shall be aft of the forward coffee grinder.


    5. At the one minute signal, engines are to be turned off.


    6. Mainsails are trimmed to ensure the fleet stays in line. If the fleet drift out of line, the Duty Skipper can stop the sequence and start the process again.


    7. At the start gun, the crew can move forward and the headsails can be hoisted.


    8. All boats must hold the agreed course and separation for the first 10 minutes after the start gun.


    Additional points:


    -The order of the line up will usually be decided during the Pre-start Skippers Briefing - this is usually pulled out of a hat. (with the exception of the Duty Skipper’s position).


    - No spinnakers for the first 10 minutes after the start gun.


    - No course changes within the first 10 minutes of start gun.


    - No luffing for the first 10 minutes after start gun.


    - Boats are allowed to tack away from the line up, but must sail behind the fleet. Any boat that does this has no rights of way over those boats that have not tacked during the 10 minutes after the start gun.


    Duty Skipper


    - The nominated Duty Skipper will be in the middle of the line up at position 6. This is so that they can judge if the fleet are in a straight line.


    - The Duty Skipper has overall control of the start sequence and if required, will halt the start sequence at any time up until the start gun.


    - The Duty Skipper will ensure that the boats are lined up as fairly as possible for the start sequence.


    - The Duty Skipper shall call out the start sequence on a pre-arranged VHF channel.


    - The Duty Skipper shall contact the Race Office to confirm that the start has been successfully completed within 30 minutes of the start. The message shall include the official start time, the weather conditions at the start and any other relevant information (e.g. which boat led, tactics etc).


    Stopovers/In Port 停靠站/港内

    What happens in port? 停靠港内会发生什么?

    You take care of your boat. If you're not ready to race when you cross the start line, you've already lost. You need to take care of cleaning, maintenance, re-provisioning and race planning. You can then get some down time, see the sights and catch your breath.


    I’m a friend and a family member, can I see the crew straight in port? 我是船员的朋友,家人,我可以在停靠港内直接探望船员吗?

    It is more than likely crew will have to go through customs and immigration upon arrival. The Race Office team try and ensure this is completed as quickly as possible, after the official arrival procedures crew are free to meet friends and family.


    Crew 船员

    How fit do I need to be? 我需要有多健康?

    Everyone coming to the Clipper Race has a different level of fitness and different idea of what fit means. Training will show you what areas you need to work on. Everything on the Clipper Race yacht is big and heavy and so teamwork and technique are just as important as brute strength. You will get fit on the race? Burning 5,000 calories a day and exercising (even while you sleep) is great.


    How are people allocated to teams? 船员是如何进行团队分配的?

    Not only are the yachts identical we also make sure that crew is matched so it is still an even competitive race. We spread the ages, experience, vocations and nationalities across the fleet. Of course if you have a particular yacht that you would like to represent please tell us. But we cannot guarantee being able to grant your request.


    Does it matter if I am not a sailor, doctor, or engineer? 如果我不是一名职业海员,医生或者是工程师什么的,这个要紧吗?

    Not at all. Being good with people and being self-aware is far more important. We get lots of doctors, nurses, vets, engineers and experienced sailor. Having unique and interesting life experiences and stories to share is just as important.


    How do people deal with seasickness? 怎样应对晕船?

    Trial and error. Everyone finds a different remedy that works for them. This might be as basic as over the counter medicine. If you take this route, then take a tablet before you sail and during the first 24 hours so it's in your system while you're gaining your sea legs. You can then stop. Other people go for herbal remedies like ginger, wrist bands, that apply pressure to key points and even cotton wool in the ears. When you find a solution that works? Stop experimenting. The worst case scenario is you feel terrible for 48 hours and then your body adjusts and you're ok again.



青岛市帆船网 http://www.qdsailing.org
版权所有:青岛市人民政府新闻办公室 青岛市体育总会 青岛市帆船帆板(艇)运动协会
技术支持:青岛新闻网 备案/许可证编号: 鲁ICP备09100376